Whatsminer M31S M30S M32 series hash board repair guide

Whatsminer M31S M30S M32 series hash board repair guide

2022/8/22

M3x series miners include M31S, M31S+, M30S, M30S++, M32, etc.

Tips need your attention: 

1. M3x hash board normal working voltage is from 0.31~0.32V * No. of groups( e.g., 0.31V*37=11.47V, i.e., the input voltage is 11.5V), recommend taking this as a maintenance standard.

2. Recommend using oscilloscope instead multimeter to test clock voltage.

3. Please ensure the above correct operation; if there are any violations, which will lead to wrongly analysis and cause some unnecessary loss.

I. Product Overview

Whatsminer M30S++

Whatsminer M31S+

II. Maintenance Environment Building

1. Tools list

1) Electric screwdriver

2) 936A electric soldering iron

3) Electronic hot plate preheat station

4) Customize the control board for maintenance

5) TF Card

6) 12V DC power supply for control board 12V

7) Adjustable 10A+ DC power supply

8) 100M oscilloscope

9) Multimeter

10) Gloves

11) Tin paste

12) Solder Paste

13) Power cord, network cable

14) Cable

15) Tweezers

16) Computer

17) Electrostatic table

18) M1 miner case with a fan

2. Hashboard testing software

M3x is the same as M20S, tools as below.

hashboard testing software

III. Hashboard Block Diagram Brief Introduction

M3x block diagram is the same as the M20S (refer to M20S Repair Guidance). The circuit consists of a group chipset, temperature sensor, boost circuit, memory, and voltage level conversion. The difference is the hash board with 1 pcs of the crystal oscillator; each group LDO supports 2 group * 1.8V & 1 group * 0.8V.

1. General signal transmission direction picture as below:

M31S:

M31S signal transmission direction

M30S:

M30S signal transmission direction

2. M3x hash board has a 1PCS crystal oscillator; the signal between the two groups were connected by resistance.

crystal oscillator location

3. Each group's LDO 1.8V support Pin 7 Pin 8 Pin 13 Pin 14 voltage input and 0.9V support Pin 6 Pin 15.

LDO voltage

4. 17V boost circuit

As a highlight in red, 17V is for the last 8 groups.

M31S 17V boost circuit location

M30S 17V boost circuit location

Tips: This 17V is for the last 9 groups based on the hash board version.

5. 3.3V is for temperature sensor and memory

The left arrow refers to the temperature sensor. The right arrow refers to the memory.

temperature sensor and memory location

6. Voltage level conversion is between 3.3V and 1.8V.

voltage level conversion location

IV. Case Study

The sequence of maintenance, start from RST-> CLK->RXD->TXD.

Please must use an oscilloscope to test CLK voltage; 0.15V is normal working.

Any error code needs to check daily log.

Case1: M31S delivers error code 542, can’t read hash board, as below picture.

can't read hash board

Remove the SM2, test by platform, and it is said RST failed.

4 red arrows : RST failed-> temperature normal-> read chipset failed-> read hash board normal.

RST failed

According to the basic maintenance rule, the first step to measuring RST, use the software typo command echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio99/value to improve the level converter, measure the RST dot one by one, Find U6 RST output 1.8V, U7 RST output 0.5V not 1.8V, as below picture.

measuring RST

After measuring group by group, it was found that failed on 3rd group, LDO output is 0.56V; after further measure, found the pin 8 of U8 is 1.7Ω, it was a short circuit, caused LDO output voltage lower.

U8 pin resistance measurement

Replaced U8, LDO output shows 1.8V, normal working, electrical resistance to earth shows 58Ω, normal working. The software test result is PASSED, as below picture.

LDO output 1.8V

Case 2: M31S error code 542 means can’t read SM2.

IP screen:

can't read SM2

Remove SM2, test it with software; it showed a total of 104 chips, missing 1 chip called U9.

missing 1 chip

Solution: Remove the radiator, change the U9 chip, test via software; it was successful, install it into the miner, and do the aging test.

Attention: must check the right sequence of the chips. Some printing on the chips may not 100% match the position.

Case 3: M31 Error code 561, 562, failed reading SM1, SM2.

IP screen as below:

failed reading SM1,SM2

After connecting, the miner rebooted and exported the daily log to check if it was the power supply issue. Exporting log instructions:

miner daily log


PSU issue log description

After analysis, confirmed error code 202 was power supply failure, which caused miners to fail.

Cace 4: M31+ Error code 540, SM0 chips reading failed.

IP screen:

SM0 chips reading failed

After the test via software showed that U109, U119, and U111 chips reading failed.

chips reading failed

The group chipset found a 1.8V shortage after further checking the U110 circuit.

checking the U110 circuit

Replaced U110, installed to the miner, and did the aging test.

Case5: M30S error code 530 means it can’t detect SM0.

IP screen:

can't detect SM0

It was found that the fan was damaged and vibrated, which led to the looseness of the cable. Plug in the cable again, and the power on the test is OK.

Case 6: M30S error code 236, 255, 268, the main reason was the failure of the power supply.

IP screen:

power supply failure

The power supply caused this kind of error code. Replace the power supply and test the normal operation.

Case 7: M30S shows error codes 250, 25, 540, 541, and 542.

IP screen:

M30S shows error codes

Exported the Miner log (as below) to further check the error reason. Per log, 202 error was caused by the power supply, replaced the power supply, and tested ok.

power supply error

Case 8: M30+ Error code 257, 540, 541, 542, the solution same as last case.

IP screen:

M30+ Error code

Further check the Miner Log status.

power supply  error

From the log, it can tell 202 & 257 errors caused by the power supply, replace the PSU and test OK.

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